Local trains exist in all parts of India. They enhance the connectivity within the city or town and induce better trade in different parts of the city. Metropolitan cities like Mumbai and Delhi have some of the best railway transit opportunities in the country. Along with suburban rail transit, many more other types of local transport have emerged to make commuter travel easier and cheaper. There are numerous ticket counters and ATVM machines for Indian railway inquiry.

  1. Suburban Railway Systems-
  • These railway systems are a major contributor to public transport in cities. It facilitates transport between a central business district and various suburbs, usually areas which attract large numbers of people.
  • A few areas where local trains are actively commuting include Hyderabad, Pune, Barabnaki-Lucknow, Lucknow-Kanpur, and Bengaluru. These cities don’t have specially designed suburban tracks, but they share their tracks with long distance trains. Chennai and Mumbai have dedicated tracks for suburban transport.
  • The largest suburban railway network in the country is the Kolkata Suburban Railway network.
  • Electrical Multiple Units (EMU) are used in the trains that run in this suburban network. These trains have around 12 coaches, sometimes 15 to manage the rush hour commuter traffic. One coach is a power car and the other are general coaches.
  • Depending on the budget of a traveller, they can opt to travel in the second class or first class.
  1. Metro trains-
  • Metro trains, also called as rapid transit systems, are operational in 10 cities of India. There are 11 metro systems that are present in these cities. 425 kilometres of metro lines are available which span 347 stations. These trains use standard gauge as this is the only gauge that is compatible.
  • Metros have been implemented in cities with a population greater than 1 million people, with the financial assistance of the Union Government for ease in commute in these cities.
  • The pilot project which was implemented included the Kolkata Metro.The Delhi Metro boasts of being the largest metro network in India.
  1. Monorail-
  • Mumbai monorail is set to become the fifth largest monorail network in the world. Monorails are a feeder system to metros which help in diverting commuter traffic.
  • One line connects a place called Wadala at the outskirts of the city, to Chembur, which is located in the north east part of the city. The other line connects Wadala with Jacob Circle in South Mumbai.
  • There were certain delays in the project owing to issues involving removal of encroachments, land problems, delays in procuring civic body and railway permissions, which led to the delay in various deadlines for completion. The Wadala-Chembur line was functional by 2014, and the Wadala-Jacob Circle line was functional by 2016.
  • The monorail is completely equipped with door frame metal detectors, CCTV cameras, X-ray baggage counters, and they also comply with 130 fire norms. There are alarms and plain clothed security guards who keep an eye out for pick-pocketers and molesters. All stations are also fully equipped with many facilities to make commuters safe.

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